Women should remain silent in the churches. They are not allowed to speak, but must be in submission, as the Law says. If they want to inquire about something, they should ask their own husbands at home; for it is disgraceful for a woman to speak in the church.
1 Corinthians 14:34-35
We have to realize that the context of this passage is so that the greatest number of people get to hear, understand, and receive the Word of God. It’s NOT a teaching about the role of women in the church. It’s unfortunate that some people use this as a proof text to erect a spiritual glass ceiling in the ministry.
First of all, we need to understand what they meant by the church. A church wasn’t a particular building where they had their meetings. In this context, Paul is not even referring to the entire community of believers on earth. (If that were the case, then a woman could never speak because they would always be in the church.)
In this chapter, the church is the gathering of believers in a worship service. This method of worship was based upon the structure of the Jewish synagogue meetings.
This brings me to the next point – the freedom of women under the New Covenant. Under the Old Covenant, women were not allowed to participate in synagogue worship. Even today, in many synagogues there’s a women’s gallery that is separated from the main hall by a glass window.
In that gallery, women can do whatever they want. They can knit, check their email, chat with the other women, etc.
Now, in Christ, women were brought into the main body of worshippers during the church service. But, because they had never been a part of this before, they were unfamiliar with the protocol of the meeting.
In the synagogue, only the main speaker was allowed to say anything. It was improper to interrupt what they were saying. Even when Jesus and Paul spoke before synagogues, the gathering waited until they were finished before trying to drag them out and stone them!
Women, who were unused to this format, would interrupt by turning to their husband and saying, “What did he mean by that. I don’t understand what he said.” That was the disgraceful thing that was happening.
The passage explains that this exhortation is to be followed, as the law says. There is nothing in the Old Testament about women being silent. So the law Paul is referring to must be the social law.
Among the Greeks, Romans, and Jews, women were at the bottom of the social ladder. At best, they were treated as pets; at worst, like slaves or personal property. Very few women were treated as equals by men.
Now, in Christ, women are co-heirs of the blessings of God (1 Peter 3:7). Women could prophesy (Acts 21:9). After His resurrection, Jesus assigned a woman to go and direct a group of men to go to Galilee (Matthew 28:10). Women are in no way second class citizens of God’s kingdom…at least in the eyes of the Lord.
The reason for the above verse was so that the people of that culture would be more open to the Gospel of Christ. If they came to a meeting and saw the women breaking social protocol (interrupting the meeting), they would leave thinking that the church had no relevance.
In our society, women and men are on equal terms with God. They can go as far in ministry as the Holy Spirit leads them.
Question: Why do some ministries have a “glass ceiling” mentality for women?
© 2019 Nick Zaccardi